TRAUMA is used to describe experiences or situations that are emotionally painful and distressing, and that overwhelm people’s ability to cope, leaving them powerless. Trauma has sometimes been defined in reference to circumstances that are outside the realm of normal human experience. Unfortunately, this definition doesn’t always hold true. For some groups of people, trauma can occur frequently and become part of the common human experience.*


DOMESTIC VIOLENCE is defined as a pattern of emotionally, physically or sexually abusive behavior that one person uses in a relationship to control another person. It can occur in families and friendships, and the manipulation is often times very subtle.

TRAFFICKING is the trade of humans for the purpose of forced labour, or, in the case of sex trafficking, for the purpose of sexual exploitation, including sexual slavery. A victim is forced, in one of a variety of ways, into a situation of dependency on their trafficker(s) and then used by said trafficker(s) to give sexual services to customers. There are three types of activities defined as sex trafficking crimes: acquisition, transportation and exploitation; this includes child sex tourism (CST), domestic minor sex trafficking (DMST) or other kinds of commercial sexual exploitation of children, and prostitution.

DISCRIMINATION is the treatment of a person or particular group of people differently, in a way that is worse than the way people are usually treated. It is prejudice against people and a refusal to give them their rights. (Particularly affected: Undocumented Immigrants, Racial Minorities, Gender Non-conforming and Transgender Individuals)


  • In New York City, police respond to an estimated 300,000 domestic and intimate partner violence calls per year— that is more than 820 calls every day [2017 data]

  • 84% of those in sex slavery were sexually abused as children

  • Self-reported racial discrimination is consistently related to poor mental health****

  • More than 80% of undocumented immigrants residing in the U.S. without authorization have a lifetime history of traumatic events and
    the current socio-political climate and punitive actions against the undocumented community, may increase risk of exposure to traumatic events*** 

  • Despite the high prevalence of discrimination and PTSD in transgender people, a highly stigmatized and underserved group, the phenomena are still understudied*****

  • Sex trafficking is one of the biggest criminal businesses in the world


Centre for Nonviolence & Social Justice
** Center for Disease Control Data
*** 2017 Rice University Study
****2014 UCLA Study
***** US Library of Medicine